This article throws light upon the top six general philosophies of Mahatma Gandhi. Faith in God 2. An ideal society 6.
What are the contributions of Mahatma Gandhi in Education? In the conference at Wardha after a detailed discussion about Gandhiji's articles the scheme of Basic Education took shape under the leadership of Dr.
The following four resolutions were passed. Kher to suggest measures for implementing these resolutions. Then another Committee was appointed under the same Chairman to recommend action coordinating the Basic Education with higher education. Inalthough Govts, both at the national and state levels accepted Basic Education as the national pattern, progress in its implementation was not satisfactory.
Merits of Basic Education 1 Work as a central place: Since work occupies a central place in life, it had an important place in Basic Education. Dignity of labour was emphasized by him and work was made an integral part of this education.
Through Basic Education Gandhiji introduced a new method of teaching. This method is to teach all subjects through crafts and taken as activity-centred meant to free children from tyranny of words and cramming.
As a corollary to craft-centred education, it was visualized by Gandhiji that schools need be self- supporting. The carfts organized scientifically would result in more production and the sale-proceeds must fetch a good income.
Basic education was sound sociologically. The then class-labour and chasm between mental and physical labour and the spirit of dependence on others were required to be removed from the society.
In short, Basic education was intended to eradicate many ills of the society. Basic education was providing for training students in democratic living and practices. It was aiming at forming positive attitudes, creating interests and appreciation, developing understanding and imparting skills in citizenship.
On the whole, it was a training citizenship. Drawbacks in Basic Education 1 Selection of Crafts: Since craft was occupying an important place in Basic school curriculum, selection of a suitable craft was determining the success and efficiency of Basic Education.
But most of the schools followed the trodden path or stereotyped process without bothering for the local conditions and needs.
For example, in the areas where cotton was not grown and had to be brought from a long distance, weaving was introduced as a craft even in those areas. In Basic schools every subject was being taught through a craft.
The principle of correlation was tried to be adopted in all subjects, but in real situation it was done as a ritual without any sincerity or seriousness. In fact, correlation was a slogan and fiction. It was complained that the schools cannot be made self-sufficient with the production by children.
The concept of self-sufficiency was thought to be idealism and was not emphasized by most of the teachers and inspecting officers. Products by unskilled hands were not selling well and fetching adequate income. Rather Basic Schools were more expensive than traditional schools.
Although Basic Education was visualized to be socially sound for removing the existing disparities, it was rather aggravating the situation.
It was tending to be meant for the children of poor labourers and farmers only and children of high class families were not going to these schools. The gulf between poor and rich classes rather widened due to Basic Education. Basic schools called for highly qualified and well-equipped teachers for properly teaching subjects through correlation and organizing crafts with efficiency.
But in fact many teachers employed in such schools were lacking proper understanding of the Basic Education principles and desired orientation with the idealism or values impregnated in the system.
Present Condition Although Basic Education faced a sorry state of affairs many of its principles are still appreciated for their practical value and psychology as well as sociological importance. The Kothari Commission, endorsed a large number of its essential features like work experience, community living, community service, citizenship training, world brotherhood, social and spiritual values and integrating knowledge with experience and so no.
After a lapse of more than three decades a National Education conference was convened by Shriman Narayan at Sevagram in where Basic Education was praised by many.
A resolution was passed with consensus of all Education Ministers and Vice Chancellors who attended the conference, "education at all levels should be imparted through socially useful and productive activity, linked with economic growth and development in both rural and urban areas". The Iswarbhai Patel Committee supported most of the principles of Basic Education with great stress on work education or socially useful productive work.
The Basic Education system has been hailed as "the ideal solution for the reform of teaching methods in Indian Schools" by Dr. Gunnar Myrdal, the celebrated author of "Asian Drama" and as "one of the most interesting and promising developments in Indian Education" by Prof.
Castle the renowned writer of "Education for self-help". It goes without saying that India would have been a happier place at present, if the useful features of Basic Education had been given effect to with sincerity of all concerned.Mahatma Gandhi’s General Philosophy # 6.
Satyagraha: It is the supreme principle which implies an adherence to truth in one’s life. A seeker of truth can practice truth in his life in all its manifestations. A Satyagrahi is free from fear and learns to stick to truth whatever may come on his way.
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Seven major freedom movements started by Mahatma Gandhi.
Seven major freedom movements started by Mahatma Gandhi. Let's look at Mahatma Gandhi's famous contributions to Indian freedom movement: 1.
World War I Vajpayee's demise left a void in my life, says emotional Narendra Modi. However, a deeper study of his life and actions would reveal how he introspected and tried to correct himself to overcome his weaknesses.
That is what made Gandhiji a leader of different calibre. Gandhiji’s contribution was much more than leading the non-violent struggle to achieve India’s freedom. Mahatma Gandhi's life achievement stands unique in political history. He has invented a completely new and humane means for the liberation war of an oppressed country, and practised it Children: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas.
Ø For Mahatma Gandhi, education means drawing out the best in child's body, mind and spirit. Ø The aim of Mahatma, keeping with Mahatma Gandhi's view to provide an .