This aspect of the trial will be discussed more fully below. His interlocutors in these typically adversarial exchanges included people he happened to meet, devoted followers, prominent political figures, and leading thinkers of the day.
A man who really fights for justice must lead a private, not a public, life if he is to survive for even a short time.
Apology 31ea These are the words of Socrates, who spoke before the Athenian jury in the trial that would, ultimately, condemn him to his death. Why does he consider democracy to be so flawed? Let us look through his own eyes and see what his individual Socrates look on democracy are, and determine if the very concept of democracy is as flawed as he believes it to be.
One of the contemporary definitions of democracy today is as follows: Democracy, as a form of government, was a radical idea when it manifested; many governments in the early history of the world were totalitarian or tyrannical in nature, due to overarching beliefs that the strong ruled over the weak.
Let us continue on, before we veer off and lose sight of the argument. So democracy is a system of government wherein the people elect their rulers; in the case of Athens, it was, more or less, a direct democracy, where all male citizens voted in an assembly and decided by majority rule elected officials were chosen by allotment.
Why would this be a bad thing? Is it not better than dictatorships or oligarchies, where anywhere from one man to a small group of elites have power over all? Why exactly would a government that has its decisions made by the very people it represents be considered something worthy of criticism?
This is where we get into the meat of the argument. But with regards to this essay, such a consideration is irrelevant, as it is not incorrect to say that Plato did indeed have some problems with democracy, especially with regard to the Athenian model.
Gorgias, Apology, and The Republic. How does this tie in to the discussion of democracy? Let us see first how Socrates classifies one skilled in the art of rhetoric, particularly with regards to one who is not learned in a particular subject outside of rhetoric. Although this seems foolish on the surface, a further examination would reveal the chilling truth behind these words; throughout the history of the world, a great multitude of people have been deceived and beguiled by skilled speakers, masters of rhetoric.
This was something that Friedrich Nietzsche noted: Though this may seem contradictory by default, it pays to not underestimate the ignorance of the populace at large, particularly when normally skeptical and rational individuals are swayed into thinking along with the group.
However, let us refocus the argument on Socrates and his words concerning the evil-doing tyrant in passages Helmbold Despite his unjust actions, he managed to become a person of power; he is the happier man, considering he has not met any punishment.
Socrates does not agree with this notion; he contends that, among all wretched men, it is the unpunished that are truly unhappy.
Recall, if you will, the beliefs of Socrates in terms of the soul. He emphasized throughout his life that men should be concerned about the welfare of their soul.
Let us carry this line of thought back to the issue of democracy. What then, of a democracy, where the majority of people determines actions and policies? What if, as a majority, the people decided to commit a heinous act, such as an unjustified military action against another nation for the sake of resources, no matter the cost in human lives?
Such an action would lead to death and suffering for a great many people. Also, consider that the majority would not judge or correct themselves, for they were the ones who agreed to partake in that course of action.
Even if the aforementioned individual were actually a tyrant, the evil he inflicts would only pollute his own soul; a democracy that commits wrongdoing pollutes the souls of everyone who partakes in the political process.
Recall in the Apology that Socrates was tried and sentenced to death by the men of Athens. Recall that their minds were swayed against Socrates by rhetoricians; from the time they were mere babes, the men of the jury were of the opinion that Socrates had committed things that were, in fact, falsities Apology 17ae.
A wise and noble philosopher was put to death by people who had been persuaded wrongfully by skilled rhetoricians once again reminding us that there was no love lost between Plato and those who were considered masters of persuasionand as such they committed an unjust act that, in the end, negatively affected the welfare of the souls.
After all, who would rejoice in putting an innocent man of wisdom to death? In the vast work that is The Republic, there is one passage in Book V that shows the ones whom Socrates thinks should be the rulers of a government: Unless the philosophers rule as kings or those now called kings and chiefs genuinely and adequately philosophize, and political power and philosophy coincide in the same place, while the many natures now making their way to either apart from the other are by necessity excluded, there is no rest from ills for the cities, my dear Glaucon, nor I think for human kind, nor will the regime we have now described in speech ever come forth from nature, insofar as possible, and see the light of the sun.Socrates's apparent respect for democracy is one of the themes emphasized in the play Socrates on Trial by Andrew David Irvine.
Irvine argues that it was because of his loyalty to Athenian democracy that Socrates was willing to accept the verdict of his fellow citizens. Nov 06, · aoa friends, iss video mn aap sy socrates ki thinkings share ki jain gi k woh democracy sy nafrat q krta tha. Very interesting video, must watch.
Democracy? Socrates had a, shall we say, toxic relationship with it. What did Socrates look like? Why is Socrates important? Socrates is a puzzle because some of the ways he presents himself he acts like a Sophist but in other ways he does not.
He says that he does n. Why Socrates Hated Democracy - The Book of Life is the 'brain' of The School of Life, a gathering of the best ideas around wisdom and emotional intelligence. We are used to thinking very highly of democracy – and by extension, of Ancient Athens, the civilisation that gave rise to it.
Socrates did not, perhaps, so much dislike democracy as emphatically point out its weaknesses and risks. Consider the fact that he lived in Athens his entire life and, even after he had been condemned to death by a jury under Athenian law, he refused to leave Athens and escape to another city.
A.. feelthefish.comes is about to go on with the investigation of the unjust cities when he is again restrained, as once before on his way up to Athens (), by a conspiracy of Polemarchus and Adeimantus ().