At the height of his success, Hitler was the master of the greater part of the European continent. German rule in the east was extended to wide areas of the Baltic states, Belorussia now BelarusUkraine, and European Russia; Poland and the protectorate… The roots of Nazism Nazism had peculiarly German roots. It can be partly traced to the Prussian tradition as developed under Frederick William I —Frederick the Great —68and Otto von Bismarck —98which regarded the militant spirit and the discipline of the Prussian army as the model for all individual and civic life. These two traditions were later reinforced by the 19th-century adoration of science and of the laws of nature, which seemed to operate independently of all concepts of good and evil.
On September 12,Adolf Hitler became a member of this party, and at the first public meeting held in Munich, on February 24,he announced the party's programme. That programme, which remained unaltered until the party was dissolved inconsisted of twenty-five points, of which the following five are of particular interest on account of the light they throw on the matters with which the Tribunal is concerned: We demand the unification of all Germans in the Greater Germany, on the basis of the right of a self-determination of peoples.
We demand equality of rights for the German people in respect to the other nations; abrogation of the peace treaties of Versailles and Saint Germain.
We demand land and territory for the sustenance of our people, and the colonisation of our surplus population. Only a member of the race can be a citizen. A member of the race can only be one who is of German blood, without consideration of creed.
Consequently no Jew can be a member of the race We demand abolition of the mercenary troops and formation of a national army. In a typical speech at Munich on the 13th April,for example, Hitler said with regard to the Treaty of Versailles: At its foundation our movement formulated three demands.
Setting aside of the Peace Treaty. Unification of all Germans. Land and soil to feed our nation. It was in this year that the Sturmabteilung or SA was founded, with Hitler at its head, as a private pare-military force, which allegedly was to be used for the purpose of protecting NSDAP leaders from attack by rival political parties, and preserving order at NSDAP meetings, but in reality was used for fighting political opponents on the streets.
In Marchthe defendant Goering was appointed head of the SA. The procedure within the Party was governed in the most absolute way by the leadership principle" Fuehrerprinzip.
According to the principle, each Fuehrer has the right to govern, administer or decree, subject to no control of any kind and at his complete discretion, subject only to the orders he received from above.
This principle applied in the first instance to Hitler himself as the Leader of the Party, and in a lesser degree to all other party officials. All members of the Party swore an oath of " eternal allegiance " to the Leader.
There were only two ways in which Germany could achieve the three main aims above-mentioned, by negotiation, or by force. The twenty-five points of the NSDAP programme do not specifically mention the methods on which the leaders of the party proposed to rely, but the history of the Nazi regime shows that Hitler and his followers were only prepared to negotiate on the terms that their demands were conceded, and that force would be used if they were not.
On the night of November 8,an abortive putsch took place in Munich. Hitler and some of his followers burst into a meeting in the Burgerbrau Cellar, which was being addressed by the Bavarian Prime Minister Kehr, with the intention of obtaining from him a decision to march forthwith on Berlin.
On the morning of the November 9, however, no Bavarian support was forthcoming, and Hitler's demonstration was met by the armed forces of the Reichswehr and the Police.In the autumn of , as Allied armies crossed the borders into Germany, the Nazi regime conscripted German youths under sixteen to defend the Reich, along side seniors over the age of 60, in the units of the “Volkssturm” (People's Assault).
German boys were required to attend the Hitler Youth, which mixed exciting activities, war-games and Nazi indoctrination. German girls went to the BDM and learned how to be good mothers, and to love Hitler.
In autumn , as Allied armies crossed the borders into Germany, the Nazi regime made a last ditch effort to fend off military defeat. It conscripted German youths under 16 to defend the Reich, alongside seniors over the age of 60, in the units of the Volkssturm (People's Assault).
The Hitler Youth was separated by age and sex. Between the ages of , boys and girls were either part of the "Jungmädelbund" ("Young Girl's League") or the "Jungvolk" ("German Youth").
Most Nazi Propaganda was ineffective Essay. The Nazis used propaganda to a great extent in Germany - Most Nazi Propaganda was ineffective Essay introduction.
It was impossible to escape and millions of ordinary Germans came across Propaganda every day. Between and Hitler’s regime attempted to expand and apply the Nazi system to territories outside the German Reich. This endeavour was confined, in , to lands inhabited by German-speaking populations, but in Germany began to subjugate non-German .