Malian national culture can be best defined as a project that was developed with different emphasis and credibility by the governments that led Mali formerly French Sudan in the postindependence period to the present.
Malian national culture can be best defined as a project that was developed with different emphasis and credibility by the governments that led Mali formerly French Sudan in the postindependence period to the present. It is undoubtedly a colonial legacy. As in most post-colonial nations, the territorial and administrative boundaries established by the colonial power, in this case France, remained essentially unchanged long after independence.
Westernized Malian politicians and intellectuals reappropriated modern colonial institutions and adapted them to their reinterpretation of local aims and aspirations. For instance, the choice of Mali as the name for this country—harking back to one of the great medieval empires that blossomed in this area—is representative of a wider attempt by Malian politicians to validate a new political order, Sundiata paper postcolonial state, by claiming its derivation from African political formations already in existence prior to colonization.
This reappropriation did not occur in a sociocultural vacuum. Indeed, it was affected by transnational economic and political forces as well as by local popular responses to the policies implemented by local governments.
Since independence, the Malian political leadership has pursued the syncretic integration at the national level of various elements deriving from ethnic and regional cultures. Yet this process of cultural syncretism has not been homogeneous. If most regional or ethnic cultures have been implicated, not all have contributed in the same measure.
Indeed, a number of scholars of Mali have noted an imbalance in favor of the numerically dominant Mande a branch of the Niger-Congo language family people and their traditions in the formation of a national culture.
For the most part, the process of national construction has been a relatively peaceful one, given the long traditions of coexistence, cultural exchange, and mutual tolerance between the populations living in this area.
The ongoing project of Malian national construction can also be viewed as a site of contestation insofar as it is viewed and experienced differently by different strata of the Malian population.
In other words, the dominant or hegemonic construct of the Malian nation is based on the reflections of the Westernized Malian elite and does not necessarily coincide with the view of peasants or disenfranchised urban populations.
A number of studies of rural communities have highlighted both peasants' hope of receiving benefits from the policies implemented by the Malian governments and their periodic disaffection from and resistance to those policies.
Even the democratic government's effort in the late twentieth century to decentralize state institutions, that is to give more power and greater economic means to local communities, met with some skepticism and occasional resistance at the level of some local bodies.
Nevertheless, this policy of decentralization, however negotiated at the local level, has begun to dramatically transform local geographies of power. Orientation Location and Geography. Mali issquare miles 1, square kilometers.
It is a land-locked country approximately twice the size of Texas. According to late twentieth century estimates, less than 2 percent of the land is arable; The climate is hot and dry, with some semitropical zones in the far south.
The north is semi-desert or desert.
Most cities—many of which already existed well before Mali colonization—are located along Mali's rivers: Bamako, the capital, is a colonial city.Give us your e-mail address and we will remind you when this item is in stock.
Email. colonization—are located along Mali's rivers: the Niger, the Bani (a tributary of the Niger), and the Senegal.
Bamako, the capital, is a colonial city. Our essay topics have been closely modeled on those in the SAT. You can also do the essays given in the first section of each of the tests in the Official Study Guide.. Each of the topics consists of a prompt and an assignment. About Us. In , the Foundation was set up to be the nonprofit owner of the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival – Jazz Fest – with a mission to sow the seeds of our unique culture for generations to come.
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Culture of Mali - history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social Ja-Ma.